Working as assistant director on SEMELE puts me in direct communication with both Director James Darrah and the team at Opera Omaha. Being a part of the central nervous system of the production is exciting and rewarding, but also means that I am very busy attending to each piece of the puzzle. Here’s what a typical day during rehearsals is like:
8:00 a.m. – Morning Routine
I wake up and cook myself a large breakfast to begin the day. I am from New York City, and Opera Omaha provides me housing while here for rehearsals. I may review notes for the previous day’s rehearsals, double check rehearsal reports or work on projects of my own.
Today I arrive at the Holland Performing Arts Center to prepare for our rehearsal with the dancers in our show. We rehearse here when working complicated dance sequences because the sprung, hardwood floors are better for the dancers’ joints. I meet with our Stage Manager who is already setting up the space.
10:30 a.m.–12:30 p.m. – Dance Class/Rehearsal
Our dancers start the day by taking class, led by choreographer Gustavo Ramirez Sansaro. With Gustavo’s encouragement, I join in the warm up so I can stretch a bit too. By 11:30 a.m., James Darrah arrives and we begin working parts of the show. What excites me most about this production is the amount of movement that weaves through each scene. The character of Ino is sung offstage and portrayed by a dancer onstage, so today we focus on one of her first arias. I take notes in my production book for later reference.
12:30–1:30 p.m. – Lunch
James, Janice (our onstage Ino) and projections designer Adam grab lunch nearby at Culprit Café. I’ve really loved all the food here in Omaha. There are so many great places to eat!
1:30–5:00 p.m. – Staging Rehearsal
We return to rehearsal, this time with some of our principal singers. It is always exciting to watch the principals incorporate movement to their performances, and with a show like SEMELE they are constantly a part of the action. Today’s rehearsal is particularly fun because we are trying new lifts with Mary Feminear, our Semele.
5:00–7:00 p.m. – Dinner
I drive back to my housing to make myself dinner in our longer break. I find that cooking for myself is always a great way to shake off any stress from the day or just to have some quiet time alone.
7:00–10:00 p.m. – Chorus Rehearsal
Our chorus of twenty rehearses at Opera Omaha’s studio in the evenings, and tonight we are covering a lot of new material. As assistant director, I track their movement throughout the show and help fill in any singers who have missed a rehearsal. These nights are always great because we get to complete the pictures created during the day with the principals alone. Opera Omaha’s chorus is especially willing to try new things, and James empowers them to make their own discoveries throughout the show. We really have a lot of fun!
Today was a particularly long day, but full of new ideas for the production. There is a constant sense of play in James’ rehearsals, and I think this sentiment is what keeps everyone excited and charged about the piece. We have so much more to discover before moving to the theatre, and every day I wake up and can’t wait to see what happens next.
The personification of the rainbow and a messenger to the gods, Iris is also considered a goddess of the sea and sky. As a messenger, Iris acts as a conduit between divine and mortal beings and travels on the rainbow with great speed to every corner of the world, as well as into the sea and underworld. She is often portrayed with a winged staff, much like the messenger god Hermes, and in art is commonly seen as a rainbow or as a lovely young woman with wings on her shoulders. Iris is the daughter of the sea god Thaumas and nymph Electra and sister to the Harpies. She is married to Zephyrus, the god of the west wind, and some sources name Pothos as their son.
While the Greeks believed that Iris served all Olympians as a messenger, it was not until the Roman period that she gained her close affiliation with the goddess Juno (or Hera). In fact, in Virgil’s Aeneid, the famous epic describing the Trojan prince Aeneas’ founding of Rome, Iris is dispatched by Juno to pluck a lock of hair from the Carthaginian queen Dido, spelling the woman’s fate. Later Iris was sent to stir up the Trojan women who were traveling in Aeneas’ party. Once riled, the women set fire to four of Aeneas’ ships, greatly hindering the company’s ability to depart from the island of Sicily.
April 8, 7:30 p.m. | April 10, 2 p.m.
CLICK HERE for tickets.
Also known by his Greek name, Hypnos, the god Somnus is the embodiment of sleep. His mother is Nyx, goddess of night, his father Erebus, god of darkness, and his twin brother is said to be Thanatos, the personification of death. According to Greek mythology, the home of Somnus is a cave so deep that it is never touched by the light of day. There is no door or gate at the entrance of the dwelling, so that Somnus might not be awakened by squeaking hinges. The river Lethe, the river of forgetfulness, is said to flow through Somnus’ home, and the entrance of the cave is planted with poppies and other hypnotic blooms.
During the Trojan War, Juno (Hera) called on Somnus to aid her in tricking Jupiter (Zeus). Jupiter was quite adamant that the gods not involve themselves too heavily in the mortal affairs of the Trojan War. Juno, strongly favoring the Greek faction, devised a plan that would allow her to turn the tides of the battle without her consort’s knowledge. After washing herself with ambrosia and weaving flowers through her hair, she went first to Aphrodite and tricked the goddess into giving her a charm that would entice Jupiter. Having done this, Juno went to Somnus and asked for his aid in putting Jupiter to sleep. Somnus was reluctant to do this, as a furious Jupiter had easily discovered his involvement in a previous plot of Juno’s. He refused to help Juno when she attempted to bribe him with an indestructible golden chair, but relented when Juno promised to arrange a marriage with the Grace Pasithea, a deity of hallucination and relaxation. Once she had everything arranged, Juno flew to Jupiter on Mount Ida where she enticed him with the charm from Aphrodite. Somnus, hidden under a pine tree and cloaked in a thick mist, worked his power over Jupiter, causing the god to fall fast asleep. Juno then went to Poseidon, god of the sea, and convinced him to aid the Greeks by sending storms and earthquakes against the Trojans, thus changing the course of the war to suite Juno’s desires. Jupiter never learned of Somnus’ involvement.
April 8, 7:30 p.m. | April 10, 2 p.m.
CLICK HERE for tickets.
The Juno of Handel’s Semele is best considered as the ancient Greek goddess Hera. As the Greek and Roman cultures came into contact with one another, these two great goddesses became so associated with one another as to be almost indistinguishable. Since the myth of Semele has Greek origins, however, Hera is undoubtedly the proper name of the divine queen who stands as Handel’s antagonist.
In her role as Queen of the Gods, Hera is said to rule over marriage, women, childbirth and family. Hera is occasionally portrayed as a warlike deity, which may be tied to her association with the lion, but her symbols additionally include the cuckoo, peacock and cow.
Hera and Her Children…
Although she is a goddess of marriage and childbirth, Hera is less notable as a mother. Being disgusted with the ugliness of her son Hephaestus (god of metalworking and masonry), Hera is said to have thrown him from Mount Olympus, making the god a cripple. In order to revenge himself on his mother, Hephaestus crafted a magical throne, which would not allow Hera to stand back up once she sat on it. Hephaestus only released his mother once she presented him with Aphrodite (goddess of love and beauty) as his wife.
During the Trojan War, Hera and her son Ares (god of war) found themselves supporting different armies. Noticing that Ares was actively assisting the Trojans, Hera convinced Zeus and Athena (goddess of wisdom and war) to drive Ares away from the battlefield. Zeus granted his permission and Athena helped to drive a spear into Ares’ body, causing him to flee to Mount Olympus.
Hera’s Famous Jealousy
The jealousy that Hera feels for Semele, Zeus’ new lover, is one of the key forces which drives the plot of Handel’s opera. In fact, the jealously of the goddess was often believed to have played a role in the outcome of much larger events, such as the Trojan War. Yet the goddess and her fellows on Olympus are perhaps better remembered for their vanity, best illustrated in the following story:
When the hero Peleus married the nymph Thetis, all the gods and goddesses were invited to the wedding, as well as important mortals. Eris, however, the goddess of discord, had not been invited. Being justifiably annoyed at this turn of events, Eris took a golden apple inscribed with “to the fairest” and threw it among the goddesses at the wedding. The three most prominent goddesses, Aphrodite, Hera and Athena, all believed herself to be the fairest, and thus the rightful owner of the apple. Requiring a way to settle matters once and for all, the trio of goddesses turned to Zeus, asking him to be the judge of their beauty. Seeing the danger in the choice before him, Zeus passed the matter on to the Trojan prince, Paris. Even after seeing each of the goddesses unclothed, Paris was unable to make a choice between them, prompting the goddesses to offer various bribes. Hera, as Queen of the Gods, promised to grant Paris control over all of Europe and Asia. As the goddess of wisdom and war, Athena pledged wisdom, fame, and glory in battle. Ruling over sexuality and love, Aphrodite offered Paris the most beautiful woman in the world as a wife, the famous, or perhaps infamous, Spartan Queen Helen. Persuaded by Aphrodite’s offer, Paris named her the rightful owner of the apple, simultaneously enraging the other two goddesses. Consequently he sparked the Trojan War by kidnapping the Spartan Queen.
April 8, 7:30 p.m. | April 10, 2 p.m.
CLICK HERE for tickets.
Although referenced as Jupiter in Handel’s Semele, the character should properly be called Zeus, the Greek god affiliated with Roman Jupiter due to the adoptive nature of pantheism. In fact, the entire plot of Handel’s opera is based on that of Greek myth. Here is a quick introduction to Zeus, or Jupiter, to aid your understanding of the character in Handel’s Semele.
In ancient Greek religion, Zeus was regarded as a sky and weather god, as well as the chief deity of the Greek pantheon. As mentioned, he is often associated with the Roman sky god, Jupiter, and occasionally the Hindu sky god Dyaus. The thunderbolt with which Zeus is often depicted is symbolic of his role as the sender of thunder and lightning. Symbolic as his status as chief of the gods, the eagle is also included in a great deal of Zeus’ imagery. It was thought that Zeus used his position as king of the gods, and his position atop Mount Olympus, to omnisciently watch over the affairs of men and to reward or punish mortal conduct. In this respect, Zeus was also a god of justice, as well as a protector of cities, homes and humankind.
With his sister and divine consort Hera (Roman Juno), Zeus was believed to have fathered the gods Ares, Hebe and Hephaestus. Through his affair with the goddess Leto, the gods Artemis and Apollo were born, and a union with his sister Demeter resulted in the birth of the goddess Persephone. But by no means should we believe that Zeus’ amorous escapades stopped there!
The nymph Callisto was a member of the goddess Artemis’ retinue and openly refused to be with anyone besides her beloved goddess. Knowing this, Zeus disguised himself as Artemis in order to seduce Callisto. When news of the affair reached Hera, she became extremely jealous and in her rage transformed Callisto into a bear. The constellations of Ursa Major and Ursa Minor (the big- and little-dipper) are thought to be Callisto and her son.
A mortal priestess of the goddess Hera, Io initially rejected Zeus’ lustful advances until her father threw her out of his house due to the advice of oracles. In an attempt to hide his new lover from Hera, Zeus transformed Io into a heifer. When the deception failed, Hera sent a gadfly to continuously bit Io in her cow-form causing the woman to continuously wander the world. Once Zeus had restored her to human form, she gave birth to both a son and a daughter before marrying an Egyptian king.
When Zeus became enamored with the mortal woman Europa, he transformed himself into a white bull and mingled with the herds of the girl’s father. Europa noticed the bull while gathering flowers with her companions. She stroked his flanks and eventually climbed onto his back, whereupon Zeus ran into the sea and swam to the island of Crete, carrying Europa with him. In this way Europa became the first Queen of Crete.
Wife of the Spartan king Tyndareus, the myth surrounding Leda and Zeus is responsible for creating the popular motif of ‘Leda and the Swan’ that appears frequently in Renaissance and later art. Disguising himself as a swan, Zeus fell into Leda’s arms feigning the need for protection from an eagle. The consummation of their affair, on the same night that Leda would lie with her rightful husband, produced two eggs from which hatched the famous Helen, queen Clytemnestra, and twins Castor and Pollux.
In the form of an eagle, Zeus abducted the young Ganymede while the boy was tending to his father’s sheep. On Olympus Zeus made Ganymede the official cupbearer to the gods, and granted him eternal youth and immortality. While the other gods were thrilled to have Ganymede residing with them, Hera jealously regarded the boy as a rival for Zeus’ affections. Unusually, the queen of the gods did not revenge herself on Zeus’ newest lover.
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